All posts by germanacanzi

About germanacanzi

I am an independent climate, energy and international development consultant and freelance journalist based in London.

My Europe Day speech

I was honoured to speak at the European Movement’s Europe Day celebrations on the 9th of May 2018 alongside Lucy Anderson MEP, Stephen Dorrell, Brendan Donnelly, Jean Lambert MEP, Femi Oluwole and John Stevens. This is the full text of my speech. 

I am here today as a member of the3Million, a grassroots organisation set up by volunteers in the aftermath of the referendum aiming to protect all the existing rights of millions of citizens who made this country their home thanks to freedom of movement. Some of what I will say is in a personal capacity, as the organisation does not take a stance pro or against Brexit per se, but focuses on protecting citizenship rights under all scenarios.

This is a day of celebration and I want to give you the positive side of the story, and reasons for hope. But first a bit of background. Our key activity right now is campaigning for clarity on the government’s proposed settled status, a registration process for more than 3 million citizens. We believe there are major, worrying issues with it, and our lawyers in fact have compiled 150 questions to the government which we are waiting an answer for.

As of today, I can announce here that we are in fact stepping our campaigning up a gear, planning to take the government to court over a clause that was passed today in the data protection bill which strips foreign citizens of the right to access data held by government departments, including the Home Office, making it impossible to challenge any decision it takes, and which risks making the appalling Windrush scandal look like a walk in the park compared to what is coming our way. Please check our twitter feed for info on how to support our legal challenge fund.

But on this Europe Day celebration, let’s talk about what we love about the EU.

Firstly a bit about my story, plus some other ideas I crowdsourced from our 30K strong online forum. People mentioned a variety of pieces of EU legislation on the environment and consumer protection, but overwhelmingly they talked about the wonders of freedom of movement as a key achievement of the EU.

I have worked in 3 different EU countries and all without major paperwork. The opposite was true when I attempted to get sponsored for a work visa in the US. It was complicated and upsetting, so my British husband and I decided to give up – why should we bother, when we have 28 countries to chose from where neither of us needs a work visa?

In fact after that I immediately got a high profile UK campaigning job, and I remember feeling amazed about the fact I was working with UK MPs and debating the need for a new Climate Change Act with them all over the country, and they were – rightly – treating me as entirely equal to other British campaigners, even though technically I was not even a British voter.

When I went to Brussels, I would work with politicians from all over the EU and they did not seem to care which country I was from. Thanks to EU law, I was in fact able to chose to vote for British MEPs rather than Italian candidates, which in the absence of a vote in national elections gave me a better sense of belonging to this country and the confidence of being a politician’s treasured constituent. The European Parliament has been in fact leading a fight to protect the rights of the3Million as well as the British in Europe, so thanks to the MEPs who are here today.

Since I first arrived in the UK in 1996, I’ve changed jobs many times, and then set up my own pan-European consultancy business, mostly with no sign of discrimination or difference in treatment based on my accent or nationality.

Up to 2016, this really was the land of opportunity for many people. And no, I am not a particularly privileged person and I know plenty of people from working class background –who are taking advantage of this freedom.

In a similar way, British people have been moving across the EU and settling in other countries, contributing to the local economy. Far from just the stereotypical pensioners in Costa del Sol, they are largely of working age, and contributing greatly to the culture and economic life of their host countries through their businesses and jobs.

AS a fellow Italian said on the3Million forum, one of the best things about the EU is “the understanding that there is a core set of rights which has to be respected in any EU country, that each citizen is to be treated on the same terms of their fellow residents, obeying the same rules, having access to the same opportunities and contributing to the cohesion of society to the same degree.”

Of course we all know that the EU has made peace possible on this once war torn continent.

When I think of it properly, I still find it shocking to think that that Britons and Italians of my grandfather’s generation fought each other in the Second World War. Yet here we are, living and working in peace in each others’ countries, becoming neighbours and friends and colleagues and partners, having children with dual nationalities and the ability to speak two or more languages. And running businesses across boundaries with great ease.

But one thing that is rarely talked about is how freedom of movement has in itself been crucial for keeping the peace in Europe. You know about the importance of freedom of movement for peace in Northern Ireland. But do you know this freedom to move around has brought peace to other parts of Europe? In the North east of Italy there is a German speaking minority. When I was a child I remember hearing stories of bombs planted by people who wanted to leave Italy and hated Italians. Guess what, now those fellow citizens have freedom to work and move across the border with Austria and now this is one of the most peaceful and prosperous parts of Italy, a magnet for walkers and skiers from across the world.

Also on our forum, a person said: “Growing up in western Poland I remember having to queue for border checks as a child just for a day trip to Germany, and since Poland joined the EU it never ceased to give me that little tingle of joy going over the German border and having to look out for a sign that said “Germany” or else you’d miss it completely. I met so many fantastic people from across Europe when I moved to the UK (not to mention meeting my other half, who is Welsh) and I think every young person should have this opportunity, as it really expands your mind.”

And ultimately let’s not forget that a lot of EU countries were until not so long ago struggling with undemocratic hostile regimes, from Spain and Portugal in the west to the communist block in the east.

The closeness these countries have now achieved within a few decades and the integration and freedom of movement between them – whether through young people doing erasmus programmes, or workers enjoying reciprocal rights to access the job market, or tourists accessing each other’s health services in emergencies through the EHIC card – is simply amazing. There is no need to talk about the 2nd world war to make this point, this is far more recent.

But let’s be clear, freedom of movement is not perfect. No, it’s not about the mulch talked about “legitimate concerns” about too much immigration. Those were – I am sorry to say – fuelled by politicians playing with people’s fears rather than addressing their real causes. And to some level these fears have been stoked up by some perhaps well meaning people, including some remainers who perhaps inadvertently keep feeding myths about freedom of movement when they talk about renegotiating free movement with the EU in order to prevent a hard Brexit, with emergency brakes, etc. This is unrealistic at this stage, and in addition, if there is no real evidence of any problems caused by immigration, and in fact many EU nationals are actually leaving the UK now, why bring this up at all?

That sounds depressing and on this Europe Day celebration I am not meant to do that. But the good news is that there is something we can all do something about that.

Just like we learnt the EU referendum could not be won with a half-hearted, almost embarassed approach to arguing for remaining in the EU – while constantly apologising about its faults, the same is true for freedom of movement.

Please, while you campaign to remain in the EU, consider that you will not succeed unless you have the courage to challenge the lies about immigration. Actually I’ll go further, you will not manage unless you are prepared to speak positively about freedom of movement. Guess what? It is in the name of taking away the rights of EU citizens living here that the UK government is trying to persue a type of Brexit that will kill British people’s own freedom of movement.

But Freedom of movement is not the same as old fashioned immigration. It is a freedom that is reciprocal, it is the choice that countries have made, freely, to give each other’s citizens reciprocal citizenship rights and the choice to not discriminate against them on the basis of nationality, to treat them like equals. This should be celebrated and not talked about as a necessary evil, needed just in order to get a trade deal. It is a fundamental part of human progress in this continent and a model for the rest of the world about what citizenship rights are and how they can evolve.

Celebrating this should be easy. Far from being a burden, EU nationals in the UK are in fact an asset. Their influx has been a sign of this country’s success – but I don’t hear enough people with the courage to say this. It is a fact that non British EU citizens are more likely to be working than on benefits compared to the average British citizen, and are more likely to be propping up public services as doctors, nurses or teachers than causing queues for those services. And there is no evidence of a reduction of wages caused by immigration. Honestly, that is nonsense and shame on some supposedly progressive politicians and commentators for periodically fanning the flames of xenophobia with these myths.

And finally if you campaign for a People’s Vote, which seems like a good idea, please ask for 3.6 million Europeans to get the vote this time. Unlike Commonwealth citizens, EU27 nationals (and British in Europe, in fact) were despicably denied a say in 2016 on something that would fundamentally alter their lives.

Is this what British values are about? Voting to take away the rights of a minority without even giving them a vote? What would people say if there was a referendum on abortion that excluded women or a vote on gay rights that excluded gays? Surely that would be considered unacceptable in a modern democracy.

So on this Europe Day of celebrations I say – don’t just assume that stopping Brexit will stop the Hostile Environment and the slide of this country into an intolerant and racist backward looking place – in fact it quite possible that foreigners will continue being subjected to a tide of hatred under any kind of scenario. So let’s all be far more proactive in standing against lies on immigration, as well as for the rights of EU nationals and more broadly for freedom of movement.

Let’s campaign to give everybody a fair say in the future of the country we all call home, so that we can better protect ourselves and work together to explore the true meaning of what it means to be British AND European.

 

 

 

 

Is the EU stopping the UK from protecting citizens’ rights?

According to The Daily Telegraph, the EU is stopping an early deal on citizens’ rights in Brexit negotiations, a line repeated in other UK newspapers. This is what Amber Rudd said on May 2nd, on the Today Programme, adding that the EU should also give this issue the same priority the UK government is giving it. Clearly, a well established “line” the UK government has decided to take.

This is also a similar line that was given to many EU nationals in the UK (and their British friends and family members) when they contacted some MPs to express concern and anxiety since the referendum  – that Theresa May had tried but Merkel had disagreed to an early deal. Yet, this would have been impossible before article 50 anyway, and it was never clear precisely WHAT May had offered Merkel.

According to this line, it is the EU’s fault that 9 months after the referendum –  in which it was the UK that decided to leave the EU – three million or so EU citizens in the UK and more than one million British in the EU have no idea if they will retain all their rights (including right to work, to health care, pensions, etc) after Brexit happens in 2019. It is causing major anxiety to entire families, including children and old people. There are numerous reports – on the3Million‘s 30K+ strong discussion forum – that some EU nationals are being asked unusual questions at job interviews because of uncertainty and confusion over their residency status.

But is it correct to say it’s the EU’s fault?

No. The government has had plenty of chances to guarantee EU nationals unilaterally before triggering Article 50, including during the debate on the Brexit Bill.  This would have avoided major anxiety for millions of people, and it would have set the negotiations with the EU-27 on a much better footing. Yet MPs voted down a simple amendment which would have guaranteed EU nationals’ rights. The argument used was that this would be against the interests of British citizens in the EU. However, organisations representing British citizens in the EU were actually supporting this unilateral guarantee – because it is the right thing to do, and because they knew it would have protected them better.

Also, EU negotiators DID put the issue of citizens’ rights quite clearly as the first item in the negotiations. How do I know? I was there – with a delegation of the3Million and British in Europe citizens – meeting chief EU Commission negotiator immediately before he announced that citizens’ rights were to be the top priority in the negotiations. This was the day before the UK triggered article 50, and it was clear EU institutions want to protect all 4.5 million expats, including the British in Europe.

Screen Shot 2017-05-02 at 10.53.50

And by protection, the EU means protecting all existing rights, not just some. Including their right to bring family members over e.g. elderly parents – and this is currently possible for British in Europe as well as Europeans in the UK.

Note that this concept of the indivisibility of rights is not being imposed by the EU – it also clearly supported by a House of Lords committee report. This report, together with a later one by the House of Commons committee on leaving the EU, had also recommended a unilateral UK guarantee of EU nationals’ rights before triggering article 50.

A dog’s dinner

But never mind the past. The EU now EU apparently has a draft agreement ready for the UK to sign, although the UK may not be ready – this may have something to do with the EU’s position that the European Court of Justice should have oversight on the protection of citizens’ rights. Not ideal, but this is entirely solvable with good will. Note that the oversight of the ECJ may well be impossible for the UK to get out of, e.g. it it wants to be part of the internal energy market, which is clearly a sensible thing to do that the entire business sector will need and ask for. But there are other options for international arbitration, such as the EFTA court. The potential options will become clearer over time, as negotiations move on to other issues  – and it would be real disaster if this issue were to get mixed up with the issue of 4.5 million people’s citizenship rights.

And then there is another worry.

The much talked about article that appeared in the Frankfurter Allgemeiner Zeitung on Sunday April 30th about Theresa May’s dinner with Jean Claude Juncker, included something worrying on what the UK government may have in mind for an early deal on EU citizens’ rights. 

Here is what the relevant bit says:

“May had idiosyncratic ideas about how the talks should progress. First thing, she wants to clarify the rights of the three Million Europeans in the UK, and the one million Brits on the continent. That suits well, since it is also the first priority for the EU. She suggested to get this topic out of the way at the End of June, at the next European Council. Her visitors were astonished: just two weeks after the election?

Not a problem for May, the EU citizens shall/should simply be treated like Third-state citizens under british law. For Juncker, a big problem: after all, now they are enjoying many additional rights and those should be preserved as far as possible. That involves solving difficult Problems, not only in terms of residency.”

Well, so the early deal the UK says is being blocked by the EU would have involved turning EU nationals in the UK into third country citizens.  I am not assuming this is correct, nor that it is as alarming as it sounds – another explanation is that Theresa May had not been correctly briefed by her advisers or that the German journalist misinterpreted something. But this is clear: UK immigration law for third country citizens could – if used to deal with EU nationals at the stroke of a pen  – effectively make it impossible for most EU nationals in the UK to continue their lives as normal. What EU citizens need, instead, is clear measures to reassure them rapidly, and to ensure they can get on with their lives as normal without fears of losing rights that they assumed would be theirs for the rest of their lives.

EU citizens in the UK (and EU negotiators) also have reasons to be concerned about such proposals, given the worrying treatment EU citizens are receiving by the Home Office, which is currently rejecting 30% of applications for permanent residency. The Home Office has stopped sending the well publicised (and legally invalid) letters asking EU citizens who had been rejected to prepare to leave the country. However, this high rate of rejection is stopping thousands of eligible people from even applying (regardless of Brexit negotiations, getting this PR card is currently a requirement for British citizenship, which many are applying for, as it feels by far the safest protection against future retroactive changes, as well as giving the right to vote in national elections and of course being a way to be fully and more formally part of British society).

Screen Shot 2017-05-02 at 11.26.09

Lack of guarantees by UK government is causing anxiety, including amongst the elderly

How can this be solved? 

I am not trying to suggest that these matters cannot be solved. Quite the opposite. What is needed is goodwill. When there is a will, there is a way. 

Here are some suggestions:

  • UK government should immediately show good will in the negotiations and reassure EU nationals FOR REAL by abolishing the current Home Office based system to acquire permanent residency, which is also highly discriminatory and often based on incorrect interpretation of EU law;
  • this should rapidly be replaced by a simple and cheap way for 3 million people established here to continue to enjoy the same rights as before including health care/pensions etc., made available through a simple, inexpensive registration process and path to citizenship;
  • of course the EU negotiating position is not perfect either. the3Million and British in Europe have been asking the UK and the EU-27 to ensure that any deal on citizens’ rights is ring-fenced from the negotiations, so it would stand in case the negotiations fail or are delayed. This is entirely feasible from a legal standpoint (ignore the misleading headline on this link).

[please note this blog does not necessarily represent the official position of the3Million, as I have written it in a personal capacity]

Has the time come to do more about emissions from consumption?

The Paris Agreement, which came into force in early November 2016, requires the world to keep climate change below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, with an aim to stay below 1.5°C. The 1.5 target is particularly demanding and would require both major and rapid change in energy demand, as well as replacement of fossil fuels with low carbon alternatives.

Reducing energy demand will require changes in patterns of production and consumption. A number of policies addressing consumption – some voluntary and some regulatory – are already in place at European Union level, such as policies to phase out the most inefficient energy using appliances and improve the energy performance of buildings. However, there are broader issues at play that need to be addressed.

Read the rest of the article on the IISD Knowledge Hub.

Crunch time for the Green Climate Fund

Following the Paris Agreement on climate change, 2016 has become a pivotal year for a key climate finance institution: the Green Climate Fund 
(GCF). Having recently approved a range of new projects, the GCF is making progress. But there are still some fundamental things that need to happen 
for it to become more effective.

The GCF was created in 2010 to channel a portion of the billions of dollars that are needed to fight climate change and adapt to its impacts. Shifting public and private investment from ‘brown’ to ‘green’ is an essential part of fighting climate change. Rich countries have pledged to mobilise $100 billion a year by 2020 in funding for poor countries to adapt to climate change and reduce emissions.

Read the rest on the Climate 2020 report site of the United Nations Associations UK.

The Brexit threat to fighting climate change

In December 2015 in Paris, over 190 countries reached a historical agreement on fighting climate change. The European Union has had an important role in this agreement, and will be crucial to its success. But will the multiple political and economic woes on the continent undermine these efforts? And could the messy “Brexit” debate – and potential outcome – give it a further blow?

There has been major progress on renewable energy in the past few years with prices coming down, and rapid growth of clean technology in many countries. The EU – with its continent-wide renewable energy targets – has played a crucial role. But – if the Paris Agreement is to be honoured – efforts on these policies need to be stepped up, not disrupted.

As Lord Deben, a former UK Tory secretary of state, recently said: “The battle against climate change depends hugely on the ability of Britain to remain within, and be a leader in, the European Union. We’ve only got where we have got on climate change because of the European Union, there would have been no Kyoto Agreement without the European Union, and we do have to recognise that the idea that you can do anything environmentally on your own is just factually untrue.”

The UK will hold the presidency of the EU Council in 2017, which would be a great opportunity to lead on climate change in Europe, pushing for stronger policies to reflect the ambition of the Paris Agreement. But right now, how can Britain even think of doing that, while it has one foot out of the door?

Read the rest of the article on the Wake up Europe website.

Climate finance: Is Britain being taken for a ride?

In the last few days, the press has focused on the UK’s contribution to climate finance, particularly relative to other countries.

Some articles suggest that Britain is paying way beyond its dues: indeed for The Times, we ‘lavish’ money on the poor, and have ‘pledged far more than any other country to international climate funds’.

Under the UN climate convention, rich countries have committed to help poorer ones constrain their carbon emissions and prepare for climate impacts.

Read the rest on the Energy & Climate Intelligence Unit blog.

The Paris climate summit: the waiting is nearly over

On Sunday 29 November, David Cameron will join other Heads of State and Government in Paris to kick off crucial 2-week talks on climate change, also known as COP21. This is the culmination of a year of dramatic developments – summarised here – with high hopes that that an agreement can be reached.

Arguably, the summit could already be viewed as as a success. For the first time ever, virtually all countries have – in the run up to the summit – made pledges for constraining emissions, known as Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). If implemented, these could have quite dramatic implications, such as a potential doubling of renewable energy supply in the eight major emitters by 2030 – 18% higher than previously projected growth rates.

Read the rest on the Energy & Climate Intelligence Unit blog.